Find more information on CONFU (Conference on Fair Use) at these sites.
The Conference on Fair Use (CONFU) attempted to establish guidelines to clarify the application of fair use of copyrighted works in the digital educational environment. Despite 2 1/2 years of negotiation, these guidelines were never formally adopted.
While only the court can authoritatively determine fair use, many educators use these guidelines as a starting place because the guidelines represent the CONFU participants' consensus of conditions under which fair use should generally apply. However, the guidelines have no force of law behind them.
Based on CONFU guidelines, educators and students do not need to get copyright permissions if they make a good faith effort to adhere to these suggested limits which should generally be considered minimum limits and fair use provisions may allow greater amounts of a particular work to be used than suggested by the guidelines below: